scientific priorities of the Institute’s activity are:
* Genesis, diagnostics, classification and geography of soils.
* Soil formation processes, soil cartography and methodology for
large-scale and small-scale soil survey, introducing catena as a
basic method for soil mapping and terrain studies, evaluation of the
agro-ecological potential of the country.
* Physical and mechanical properties of soils, soil mineralogical
composition, the humus and its role in soil formation and soil
fertility, sorption capacity and chemical amelioration.
* Content, forms and balance of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium
in soil. Microelements and micro-fertilization.
* Microbiological and enzyme processes in soil depending on the soil
type, agro-techniques and the stress factors.
* Systems of agriculture. Soil tillage and crop rotation as factors
of soil fertility.
* Monitoring of soil erosion by water and wind, technologies for
soil erosion control and remediation of eroded and degraded lands.
* Studies of soils
of limited soil fertility (pedogenetics, degradation processes, heavy
metals, organic contaminants, radionuclides, pesticides, herbicides,
* Imitation modeling of agro-ecosystem productivity and methods for
good agricultural practices.
* Technologies for utilization of industrial and agricultural waste