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ИНСТИТУТ ПО ПОЧВОЗНАНИЕ "НИКОЛА ПУШКАРОВ

INSTITUTE OF SOIL SCIENCE "NIKOLA POUSHKAROV"

History

The prominent Bulgarian scientist Nikola Poushkarov is the founder of Bulgarian soil science. In 1911 he established the department of agrogeology at the Central Station of Agriculture at the Ministry of Agriculture (MA).

In 1931 published the firs soil map at a scale 1:500 000.

1947 Established Institute of Soil Science at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, director Acad. Ivan Stranski.

1947 Organized Soviet-Bulgarian scientific expedition. Improved the classification of Bulgarian soils developed by Nikola Poushkarov published with the soil map of Bulgaria at a scale 1:1 000 000.

1948 The Soil Department at the Central Agricultural Research Institute at the Ministry of Agriculture turns into Soil Science Institute at MA.

1949 Beginning of a large-scale soil survey with regard to the construction of irrigation systems, equipping laboratories for studying the composition and properties of soil, as well as collecting material for organizing soil exposition.

1952 1953 On-going large-scale soil surveys in the irrigation regions Vacha, Chaya, Maritca and detailed studies on the saline soils in the area of Belozem village.

1954 Organized second Soviet-Bulgarian expedition for specifying some questions about the genesis and the classification of Bulgarian soils (chernozems, cinnamonic soils, yellow soils).

Nikola Poushkarov

Ivan Stranski

1960 Monograph published The soils in Bulgaria with a soil map of Bulgaria at scale 1:500 000.

1960 Both Soil Science Institutes are unified in the Institute of Soil Science Nikola Poushkarov.

1965 Bureau for large-scale soil and agrochemistry survey with two departments Large-scale soil mapping and Large-scale agrochenistry survey established at the Institute.

1969 The first international project of the Institute, financed by FAO signed .

1972 The new buildings with modern laboratories and computing cente completedr. Large scientific exchange.

1983 Contract with UNEP for elaboration of project for protection and development of the mountain ecosystems signed.

1970-1990 The Institute is recognized internationally. It is visited by foreign government and scientific delegations. It is known for teaching national and foreign specialist and post-graduate students.

1992 The Bureau for large-scale soil survey grows into Soil Survey at MA, presently Soil Resources Executive Agency.

1994 Contract with EC under the program PHARE for equipping laboratory for soil and plant analyses.

1998   Atlas for the soils in Bulgaria with author team guided by prof. Velin Koynov published.

2009 - Compiled and issued "Reference data base of Soils in Bulgaria".

Since 2000 . The Institute is a prospective partner in projects financed by EC F5, F6, U Aid etc., as well as for bilateral collaboration projects.

50 foreign post-graduate students from 17 countries and several hundreds post-graduate students and specialits have been trained in the Institute of Soil Science.

Directors

Nikola Poushkarov 1911 Head of the department of agrogeology at the Central Station of Agriculture at the Ministry of Agriculture, grown into Soil Department at the Central Agricultural Research Institute at the Ministry of Agriculture, grown into Soil Science Institute at MA; Acad. Ivan Stranski 1921 head of the Chair of General Agronomy at the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry of the University of Sofia, grown into Soil Science Institute at BAS; Acad. Ivan Stranski (1947 1959) director of the Soil Science Institute at BAS; Prof. Tcvetan Staykov (1948 1950) Soil Science Institute at MA; Prof. Kiril Enikov (1951 1960) Soil Science Institute at MA; Prof. Tcvetan Staykov (1960 1963) Institute of Soil Science Nikola Poushkarov; Prof. Ivan Garbuchev (1964 1972); Prof. Kiril Enikov (1973 1974); Prof Ivan Garbuchev (1975 1977); Assoc. Prof. Lyuben Glogov (1977 1986); Prof. Valu Valev (1986 1993); Prof. Dimitar Stoichev (1993 1995); Prof. Valu Valev (1995 2000); Prof. Toshko Raychev (01- 03. 2001); Assoc. Prof. Martin Banov (2001 2003); Prof. Nikola Kolev (2003 2008); Prof. Metodi Teoharov (2008-.

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. ”, 7, .. 1369, 1080, ; .: (02) 824 61 41; : (02) 824 89 37; -mail: soil@mail.bg
ISS "N. POUSHKAROV", 7, Shousse Bankya Str., 1080 Sofia, Bulgaria; Tel: ++359 (02) 824 61 41; Fax: ++359 (02) 824 89 37; -mail: soil@mail.bg